NEW YORK (Reuters) - When Lachlan Murdoch, the eldest son of media titan Rupert Murdoch, was named the sole chairman of News Corp on Thursday 21 September 2023, the announcement put to rest immediate questions about who will run News Corp and Fox Corp: a sprawling media empire that includes some of the most powerful brands in the world.
But the executive transition does not settle another potential power play that could occur upon Rupert Murdoch's death, as framed by a document called the Murdoch Family Trust.
The Reno, Nevada-based trust lays out a scenario through which a potential takeover could occur. It is the vehicle through which the elder Murdoch controls News Corp and Fox Corp, through a roughly 40% stake in voting shares of each company. Murdoch also holds a small amount of shares of the companies outside of the trust.
Upon Rupert's death, News Corp and Fox Corp voting shares will be transferred from Murdoch to his four adult children – Prudence, Elisabeth, Lachlan and James – creating a scenario in which three of the children could out-vote a fourth, potentially setting up a battle over the future of the companies, even as Lachlan Murdoch runs Fox Corp and is the sole chair of News Corp.
The Murdoch Family Trust has eight votes, four of which are controlled by Murdoch and the remaining four controlled by the four children from his first two marriages. Murdoch's youngest daughters Chloe and Grace, from his third wife Wendi Deng, do not have voting rights in the trust.
Upon succession, the four older children will equally inherit Murdoch's voting shares in the trust, according to Alice Enders, Head of Research at Enders Analysis.
In addition to shares in News Corp and Fox, the trust also includes the Cruden family farm near Melbourne and Murdoch's art collection, according to a January 2023 Financial Times report.
Fox and News Corp have a dual-share system, with non-voting Class A shares and voting Class B shares. The shares in Fox and News Corp owned by Murdoch’s children through the trust are a combination of both classes of shares.
"It's not like a real succession scenario right now, this minute," said Enders. "It's more in the future I'd say."