Credit: STATEC

In its latest study based on the 2021 census, STATEC presented statistics linked to commuting within Luxembourg.

STATEC recalled that the population of Luxembourg increased from 512,353 in February 2011 (previous census) to 643,941 in November 2021. More specifically, the share of employed residents increased from 43.2% (205,561) to 48.5% (287,067) between 2011 and 2021.

The recently published study revealed that an increasing number of residents (73%) have been working outside their municipality of residence since 2011. This has particularly intensified in the municipalities near Luxembourg City, Nordstad and Mersch. 

The study also showed that the central urban area, composed of Luxembourg City and its surroundings, constituted the main employment centre of the Grand Duchy. The majority of jobs were found in these areas, which in turn saw the majority of daily traffic flows. Together with the southern agglomeration, almost 70% of jobs were located in the central and southern part of the country. The busiest commutes led to these two centres.

STATEC clarified that 80,188 residents worked in Luxembourg City in 2021, while only 33,970 "active" (working-age) people actually lived in the capital. A high number of jobs and resident workers were also found in the nearby municipalities of Bertrange, Hesperange, Mamer, Niederanven and Strassen.

In contrast, the southern municipalities (excluding Esch-sur-Alzette) appeared to have rather residential profiles.

The study found five employment centres in the Grand Duchy; these are made up of 22 municipalities which concentrate the jobs of 76.8% of working residents. In addition to Luxembourg City and the southern agglomeration, these centres can be found in Mersch, Wiltz and in and around Ettelbruck.

Whilst almost 70% of the total jobs held by residents are located in the southern and central part of the country, only 8.1% are located in the north.

The full report is available online at